Mini-NDN nodes can be connected to an outside network indirectly by running NFD on the local machine:
(Mini-NDN node) ------ (NFD running on the host machine where Mini-NDN is running) ------- (External Network)
Add a node in root namespace
For this simple example, we use the default topology:
If we want node “a” to connect to the host machine, we need to add a “root” node which has a link with node “a.”
To do so, we need to add the following import statement at the top of
from mininet.node import Node
Then the following lines can be added to
root = Node( 'root', inNamespace=False ) net.addLink(root, 'a')
Adding these before net.start() is important as node “root” would then be assigned an IP automatically. Re-install Mini-NDN by issuing the following command in the mini-ndn folder:
sudo ./install.sh -i
Run Mini-NDN with the simple topology and issue ifconfig on the local machine to confirm the addition of the interface. You should be able to locate “root-eth0”:
root-eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 3e:eb:77:d2:6f:1f inet addr:184.108.40.206 Bcast:220.127.116.11 Mask:255.255.255.252 inet6 addr: fe80::3ceb:77ff:fed2:6f1f/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:34 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:33 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:2667 (2.6 KB) TX bytes:2797 (2.7 KB)
To make the IP address associated with this interface persistent, add the following line to /etc/network/interfaces and reboot your machine:
iface root-eth0 inet manual
After rebooting, run Mini-NDN and issue the following command:
mini-ndn>net a a-eth0:b-eth0 a-eth1:c-eth0 a-eth2:root-eth0
Node “a” is connected to “root-eth0”. Now issue “ifconfig a-eth2” on node “a”:
mini-ndn>a ifconfig a-eth2 a-eth2 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr fa:76:d4:86:d3:ba inet addr:18.104.22.168 Bcast:22.214.171.124 Mask:255.255.255.252
As learned from the previous step, the IP address of root-eth0 is 126.96.36.199.
mini-ndn>a ping 188.8.131.52 PING 184.108.40.206 (220.127.116.11) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.137 ms 64 bytes from 22.214.171.124: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.123 ms
The host machine will also be able to ping node “a”:
VirtualBox:~$ ping 126.96.36.199 PING 188.8.131.52 (184.108.40.206) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 220.127.116.11: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.086 ms
Run NFD on local machine and register route
Start NFD on the local machine by using:
The “nfd-start” script cannot be used, since the script allows only one instance of NFD at a time. The NFD processes running on the Mini-NDN nodes will prevent the “nfd-start” script from working.
Now, using “nfdc register”, we can register a route from node “a” in Mini-NDN to the NFD process on the host machine and from the host machine to an external machine.
Also, if the local machine has a public IP, Mini-NDN nodes can be reached via external machines.